Timeline of Treblinka extermination camp

Source: wikipedia.org/Timeline of Treblinka extermination camp

This article presents the timeline of events at Treblinka extermination camp during the most deadly phase of the Holocaust in World War II.[1][2][3][4][5] All deportations were from German occupied Poland, except where noted. In most cases the number of deportees are not exact figures, but rather approximations. Days are listed in chronological order, nevertheless, a number of dates are missing from the below tables which means only that no way bills survived for those particular dates. It does not mean that transports were not arriving or have not been processed from layover yards, when applicable.

Day #Date [1]Number of deporteesDeported fromCumulative total deporteesKnown deporteesMajor Events
July 7, 1942Commandant Irmfried Eberl writes to Heinz Auerswald that Treblinka will be ready to start operations on July 11, 1942.Commandant Irmfried Eberl writes to Heinz Auerswald that Treblinka will be ready to start operations on July 11, 1942.Commandant Irmfried Eberl writes to Heinz Auerswald that Treblinka will be ready to start operations on July 11, 1942.Commandant Irmfried Eberl writes to Heinz Auerswald that Treblinka will be ready to start operations on July 11, 1942.Commandant Irmfried Eberl writes to Heinz Auerswald that Treblinka will be ready to start operations on July 11, 1942.
1July 22, 19426,5Warsaw Ghetto6,5First deportation from Warsaw Ghetto.
2July 23, 19427,3Warsaw13,8Treblinka becomes fully operational.
3July 24, 19427,4Warsaw21,2
4July 25, 19427,53Warsaw28,73
5July 26, 19426,4Warsaw35,13
6July 27, 19426,32Warsaw41,45
7July 28, 19425,02Warsaw46,47
8July 29, 19425,48Warsaw51,95
9July 30, 19426,43Warsaw58,38
10July 31, 19426,756Warsaw65,136
11August 1, 19426,22Warsaw71,356
12August 2, 19426,276Warsaw77,632
13August 3, 19426,458Warsaw84,09
14August 4, 19426,568Warsaw90,658
15August 5, 19426,623Warsaw97,281Hillel Zeitlin
15August 5, 194230Radom Ghetto127,281First train of ghetto liquidation action lasting for two weeks with cumulative number of victims.
16August 6, 194210,085Warsaw137,366Janusz Korczak and 200 orphansFahrplananordnung Nr. 548; Warsaw – Treblinka.[6][7] One of many:
17August 7, 194210,672Warsaw148,038The German food giveaway creates backlog at the unloading ramp. Four transports in two days can not accommodate people lining up at the Umschlagplatz for several days to be "deported" as first, in order to obtain bread.[8]
18August 8, 19427,304Warsaw155,342
19August 9, 19426,292Warsaw161,634
20August 10, 19422,158Warsaw163,792
21August 11, 19427,725Warsaw171,517
22August 12, 19424,688Warsaw176,205Luba Lewin
23August 13, 19424,313Warsaw180,518
24August 14, 19425,168Warsaw185,686Hanna Katznelson
25August 15, 19423,633Warsaw189,319
26August 16, 19424,095Warsaw193,414
27August 17, 19424,16Warsaw197,574
28August 18, 19423,926Warsaw201,5
29August 19, 19424Warsaw205,5
29August 19, 19426,5Falenica212
29August 19, 19427Otwock219
29August 19, 19421,8Rembertów220,8
29August 19, 19423Jadwisin223,8
29August 19, 19423Radzymin226,8
29August 19, 19422,2Wołomin229
29August 19, 1942700Jadów229,7
29August 19, 19425,5Parczew235,2
30August 20, 19424Warsaw239,2
30August 20, 194221Kielce260,2
31August 21, 19423Warsaw263,2
31August 21, 19426,12Mińsk Mazowiecki Ghetto closure269,32
32August 22, 19423Warsaw272,32
32August 22, 19425Siedlce277,32
32August 22, 19423,5Łosice280,82
32August 22, 19423,8Mordy284,62
33August 23, 19423Warsaw287,62Jankiel Wiernik
34August 24, 19423Warsaw290,62
35August 25, 19423,002Warsaw293,622Abraham Krzepicki
35August 25, 194211Międzyrzec Podlaski Ghetto304,622Abraham GoldfarbFahrplananordnung Nr. 562; Międzyrzec – Treblinka
36August 26, 19423Warsaw307,622Odilo Globocnik, Christian Wirth and Josef Oberhauser visit Treblinka. Irmfried Eberl is relieved of command.
37August 27, 19422,454Warsaw310,07653,750 Warsaw Jews have been deported in the past 15 days.[9]
38August 28, 1942UnknownŁukówFahrplananordnung Nr. 565; Łuków – Treblinka. Odilo Globocnik temporarily suspends deportations to Treblinka. The gas chambers have continually broken down and the burial pits are overflowing with bodies. The SS resorts to shooting incoming Jews in the arrival area of the camp and piling bodies throughout the camp. In August, Globocnik orders Franz Stangl, commandant of Sobibor, to replace Dr. Irmfried Eberl as commandant of Treblinka. Stangl restores order in the camp and supervises the building of new gas chambers, which are operational in early autumn 1942. Transports of Warsaw and Radom Jews begin to arrive again in September 1942.[10]
41August 31, 1942Commandant Irmfried Eberl leaves Treblinka.
42September 1, 1942Franz Stangl becomes Commandant of Treblinka II. New, larger gas chambers have been erected to augment older chambers, and commence use. The new chambers are able to kill 12,000 to 15,000 victims every day,[11] with the maximum capacity of 22,000 executions in 24 hours.[12]
44September 3, 19424,609Warsaw314,685Boris WeinbergWarsaw deportations are restarted. New arrivals are processed the next morning.[13]
45September 4, 19421,669Warsaw316,354Kalman and Tema Taigman[14]
47September 6, 19423,634Warsaw319,988
48September 7, 19426,84Warsaw326,828
49September 8, 194213,596Warsaw340,424
50September 9, 19426,616Warsaw347,04
50September 9, 1942UnknownCzęstochowa GhettoPinchas Epstein
51September 10, 19425,199Warsaw352,239
52September 11, 19425Warsaw357,239Jewish-Argentinean inmate Meir Berliner stabs SS-Oberscharführer Max Biala to death in a planned attack. Berliner is then executed by camp officers.
53September 12, 19424,806Warsaw362,045Abraham Krzepicki escapes.
56September 15, 19426Kałuszyn368,045
56September 15, 19421Kołbiel369,045
56September 15, 19421Mrozy/Kuflew370,045
56September 15, 1942700Siennica370,745
56September 15, 1942700Stanisławów371,445
56September 15, 19421,000?GniewoszówHMM372,445
57September 16, 19426Jędrzejów378,445
57September 16, 19421Sędziszów379,445Fahrplananordnung Nr. 587; Sędziszów – Treblinka
57September 16, 19421,5Szczekociny380,945
57September 16, 19425Włoszczowa385,945
57September 16, 19423Wodzisław388,945
62September 21, 19422,196Warsaw391,141The last transport from the Polish capital. It includes Jewish police forced to help with deportations throughout Grossaktion Warsaw, and their families.[13]
62September 21, 19422,5Skarżysko-Kamienna393,641
62September 21, 19424Suchedniów397,641
62September 21, 1942sums to 40,000Częstochowa GhettoFahrplananordnung Nr. 594; Częstochowa – Treblinka (one of many consecutive transports). The Ghetto clearing took place in three weeks between September 21, 1942 and October 8, 1942. Some 7,000 Jews were deported to Treblinka on this day. Members of the Judenrat were sent from Częstochowa on October 4, 1942 (see below).[15]
63September 22, 19425,8Sokołów Podlaski403,441Fahrplananordnung Nr. 594; Częstochowa – Treblinka (one of many consecutive transports). The Ghetto clearing took place in three weeks between September 21, 1942 and October 8, 1942. Some 7,000 Jews were deported to Treblinka on this day. Members of the Judenrat were sent from Częstochowa on October 4, 1942 (see below).[15]
63September 22, 19428,3Węgrów411,741
63September 22, 19421,1Kosów Lacki412,841
63September 22, 19421,1Sterdyń413,941
63September 22, 19422Stoczek415,941
64September 23, 194210Szydłowiec425,941Fahrplananordnung Nr. 587 (one of many)
67September 26, 19425Siedlce430,941
67September 26, 19424,8Biała Podlaska435,741
68September 27, 19421,24Łaskarzew436,981Fahrplananordnung Nr. 587
68September 27, 194213Kozienice449,981Fahrplananordnung Nr. 587
70September 29, 194210,000?Zwoleń HMM459,981
72October 1, 19422Busko-Zdrój461,981
72October 1, 19428Chmielnik469,981
72October 1, 19424Nowy Korczyn473,981
72October 1, 19423Pacanów476,981
72October 1, 19423Pińczów479,981
72October 1, 19422Radzyń481,981
73October 2, 19423,44Parysów485,421
73October 2, 19423,68Sobienie-Jeziory489,101
73October 2, 19421,64Sobolew490,741
73October 2, 194210Żelechów500,741
75October 4, 1942continuingCzęstochowa Ghetto
76October 5, 19427Łuków507,741Transports unnumbered. Brothers Zygmunt & Oskar Strawczyński arrive from the Łódź Ghetto. Both escape successfully during the uprising; Oskar wrote down his groundbreaking Ten Months in Treblinka in 1943 while in hiding with the Polish rescuers.[16][17][18]
76October 5, 19421Terezín Ghetto, Czechoslovakia508,741
76October 5, 1942continuingCzęstochowa Ghetto548,741
77October 6, 1942800Żarki549,541
77October 6, 1942UnknownMiędzyrzec Podlaski Ghettoand also from Biala Podlaska
78October 7, 19421,6Koniecpol551,141
78October 7, 19422Łagów553,141
79October 8, 19421Terezín Ghetto, Czechoslovakia554,141Richard Glazar, Karl Unger, Rudolf Masarek
81October 10, 194214Radomsko568,141
82October 11, 194211Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski579,141
86October 15, 194222Piotrków Ghetto601,141The "Aktion" at Piotrków lasted for eight days beginning October 14, 1942. The total of 22,000 prisoners were split into four transports which included Jews expelled to Piotrków from Kamieńsk, Przygłów, Sulejów, Srock, Tuszyn, Wolborz and Rozprza. They did not arrive at Treblinka in one day. Among them were Jews from Bełchatów, Kalisz, Gniezno and Płock also deported to Piotrków.[19]
86October 15, 19421,5Gozdowice, German Reich602,641
86October 15, 1942500Kamieńsk603,141Old gas chambers cease operation and are replaced with new. Meanwhile, mass deportations from Bezirk Bialystok had just begun, and continue until February 19, 1943. In the next four months over 110,000 Jews from Bialystok General District (which includes Nazi counties of Bialystok Land, Bielsk, Grajewo, Grodno, Łomża, Sokółka, and Wolkowysk) are deported to Treblinka and annihilated.[20]
86October 15, 19422Przygłów605,141
86October 15, 19421,5Sulejów606,641
86October 15, 19424,5Starachowice611,141
86October 15, 19424Chotcza Nowa615,141
86October 15, 1942600Ciepielów615,741
86October 15, 19422Iłża617,741
86October 15, 19423Lipsko620,741
86October 15, 19422Sienno622,741
86October 15, 19427Tarłów629,741
86October 15, 19424Wierzbnik, German Reich633,741
86October 15, 19421,6Iwaniska635,341
86October 15, 19423,3Ciechanowice, German Reich638,641
86October 15, 19422Terezín Ghetto, Czechoslovakia640,641
90October 19, 19422Terezín Ghetto, Czechoslovakia642,641
91October 20, 19426,5Opatów Ghetto649,141Samuel Willenberg
92October 21, 1942Aron Gelbard escapes.
93October 22, 194215Tomaszów Mazowiecki664,141
93October 22, 19424Biała Rawska668,141
93October 22, 19422Orszewice670,141
93October 22, 19423Koluszki673,141
93October 22, 19423Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą676,141
93October 22, 19423Opoczno679,141
93October 22, 19424Przysucha683,141
93October 22, 19422Terezín Ghetto, Czechoslovakia685,141
96October 25, 1942500Osiek685,641
102October 31, 19424Rawa Mazowiecka689,641
102October 31, 19422Żarnów691,641
102October 31, 1942800Ujazd, German Reich692,441
102October 31, 1942900Ćmielów693,341
102October 31, 1942500Kunów693,841
102October 31, 19421,6Koprzywnica695,441
102October 31, 19424,5Ożarów699,941
104November 2, 19424,33Siemiatycze704,271
105November 3, 19429Końskie713,271
105November 3, 19421Gowarczów714,271
105November 3, 19424Radoszyce718,271
107November 5, 19425Stopnica723,271
109November 7, 19426Staszów729,271
109November 7, 19423Łuków732,271
112November 10, 19421,3Goniądz733,571Liquidation of Kielbasin Sammellagger transit camp outside Grodno in the Bezirk Bialystok District, commencing deportation action of up to 28,000 Jews expelled and imprisoned at Kielbasin from 22 surrounding cities and towns of the two sub-districts including Sokolka. The transports arriving at Treblinka started on November 10, 1942 and continued until December 15 for over a month (they did not arrive in one day). The Jews brought for gassing in trains from Kielbasin originated from the following settlements: Goniądz, Trzcianne, Augustów, Grajewo, Rajgród, Szczuczyn, Druskieniki, Jeziory, Lunna, Ostryna, Porzecze, Skidel, Sopockinie, Dąbrowa, Indura, Janow, Krynki, Kuźnica, Korycin, Odelsk, Sidra, Sokółka, Suchowola, and the Grodno Ghetto. Some 9,100 victims among them came from the Borgusze transit camp nearby.[21][22]
112November 10, 19421,2Trzcianne734,771
112November 10, 19422Augustów736,771
112November 10, 19422,5Grajewo739,271
112November 10, 1942600Rajgród739,871
112November 10, 19421,5Szczuczyn741,371
112November 10, 1942500Druskininkai, now Lithuania741,871
112November 10, 19422Jeziory743,871
112November 10, 19421,5Lunna745,371
112November 10, 19422Ostrynka747,371
112November 10, 19421Porzecze748,371
112November 10, 19423Skidal751,371
112November 10, 19422Sapotskin, now Belarus753,371
112November 10, 19421Dąbrowa Białostocka754,371
112November 10, 19422,5Indura756,871
112November 10, 1942950Janów757,821
112November 10, 19425Krynki762,821
112November 10, 19421Kuźnica763,821
112November 10, 19421Korycin764,821
112November 10, 1942500Odelsk765,321
112November 10, 1942350Sidra765,671
112November 10, 19428Sokółka773,671
112November 10, 19425,1Suchowola778,771
112November 10, 19421,5Grodno Ghetto, now Belarus780,271
112November 10, 1942850Jałówka781,121Liquidation of Volkovysk transit camp. Deportation of up to 16,300 Jews imprisoned temporarily. Similar to the Sammellagger in Kielbasin, the transports began on November 10, 1942 and continued until December 15, 1942 for over a month (none of them arrived in one day). The Jews brought to Treblinka from Volkovysk camp originated from the ghettos in the following settlements: Jałówka, Lyskow, Mosty, Porozow, Roś, Różana, Swislocz, Wolkovysk, and Wolpa.[21][22][23]
112November 10, 1942600Lyskow781,721
112November 10, 1942350Mosty782,071
112November 10, 19421Porozow783,071
112November 10, 19421Ros784,071
112November 10, 19423Różana787,071
112November 10, 19423Svislach, now Belarus790,071
112November 10, 19427Vawkavysk, now Belarus797,071
112November 10, 19421,5Wolfa798,571
117November 15, 19421Gniewoszów799,571
122November 20, 194240 carsBiala Podlaska   ?From the communiqué published in January 1943 by the Office of Information of the underground Armia Krajowa, based on the observation of locked freight trains passing through with prisoners destined for Treblinka. Meanwhile, 35 cars with goods were sent to the Third Reich on the way back in five days.[24]
123November 21, 194240 carsBialystok   ?
124November 22, 194240 carsBialystok   ?
126November 24, 194240 carsGrodno   ?
132November 30, 19421,7Siedlce801,271
163December 31, 1942According to the Höfle Telegram, the cumulative total of deportees to this date was 713,555, and 10,335 had been deported during the two weeks previous to this date. Substantial quantity of November deportations is not in the report.[24]
163December 31, 1942Escape from the Totenlager (extermination area) via a tunnel. Only Lazar Sharson successfully escapes.
169January 6, 19434Radomsko805,271
173January 10, 19436Sandomierz811,271
176January 13, 19431,5Radom Ghetto812,771
176January 13, 19435Szydłowiec817,771
181January 18, 19431,2Warsaw818,971
181January 18, 19431,6Grodno Ghetto, now Belarus820,571First stage of Grodno Ghetto liquidation under Kriminalkommissar Heinz Errelis who personally shoots at least 100. Over the course of 5 days, dubbed by the Jews "Operation 10,000" results in a total of some 10,000 Jews sent mostly to Auschwitz through Kielbasin Sammellagger transit camp nearby.[25]
182January 19, 19431,2Warsaw821,771
183January 20, 19431,2Warsaw822,971
184January 21, 19431,2Warsaw824,171
185January 22, 19431,2Warsaw825,371
188January 25, 19432,12Jasionówka827,491
203February 9, 194310Białystok Ghetto837,491Fahrplananordnung Nr. 552; Bialystok – Treblinka
208February 14, 19434,4Grodno Ghetto, Belarus841,891Fahrplananordnung Nr. 552; Grodno – Treblinka. Final liquidation of the Ghetto, dubbed "Operation 5,000." Victims are sent in three trains agreed on January 15, 1943 by Berlin. An additional train, Pj 165, leaves Grodno for Treblinka on February 16.[26]
244March 11, 1943Bulgarian military and police authorities transfer 11,343 Jews from the Bulgarian-occupied Thrace, Macedonia and (Serbian) Pirot to German custody pursuant to a February agreement between the SS and representatives of the Bulgarian government. German SS and police officials deport these Jews to Treblinka, where almost all are gassed or shot upon arrival.[10]
244March 22, 19432,338Skopje, Bulgaria844,229
247March 25, 19432,402Skopje, Bulgaria846,631
248March 26, 1943Fahrplananordnung Nr. 567; Transport from the Reich
250March 28, 1943Telegramm; Transports from Bulgaria and Greece to Treblinka
251March 29, 19432,404Skopje, Bulgaria849,035
272April 19, 19437Warsaw856,035Result of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
283May 1, 1943WegrówBerek Lajcher, Treblinka revolt leaderFinal Wegrów Ghetto liquidation
377August 2, 1943Treblinka revolt erupts. Some 300 prisoners performing forced labor – aware that the SS will soon kill them – stage an uprising after the initial date of the revolt set for June 15 was postponed due to grenade detonation at the undressing area. Prisoners quietly seize weapons from the camp armory, set fire to barracks, and storm the main gate. Hundreds attempt to climb the barbed-wire fence, but the SS with Trawniki guards kill two-thirds of them with machine-gun fire. Less than a hundred escape successfully, chased in cars and on horses. Camp deportations and gassing operations halt the following month.[10]
393August 18, 1943Białystok GhettoResult of the Białystok Ghetto Uprising.[10]Fahrplananordnung Nr. 290; Bialystok – Treblinka.
394August 19, 19437,6Białystok Ghetto863,635+7,600 over the two days.Last Jewish transport to Treblinka. All of the deportees on the transport are killed upon arrival.[10]

Clancy Young, “Treblinka Death Camp Day-by-Day” H.E.A.R.T – Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. Tables with record of daily deportations. Retrieved 5 November 2015 via Internet Archive
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Gutman, Israel, The Jews of Warsaw 1939–43. The Harvester Press, Brighton, 1982.
Biuletyn Glownej Komisji Badania Zbrodni Hitlerowskich W Polsce – Wydawnictwo Prawnicze, 1960.
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Friedländer, Saul. The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945 (2007). Page 430.
Abraham Lewin. A Cup of Tears: A Diary of the Warsaw Ghetto, ed. Antony Polonsky (Oxford, 1988), p. 148.
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising by Marek Edelman
Jewish Virtual Library, Chronology of Jewish Persecution: 1942 West Bloomfield, MI. Source: Holocaust Memorial Center
Treblinka: Chronology
Treblinka Death Camp, with photographs, Ounsdale, PDF (2.2 MB)
David E. Sumler, A history of Europe in the twentieth century. Dorsey Press, ISBN0-256-01421-3.
Arad, Yitzhak. Page 97.
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Robert Kuwalek and Carmelo Lisciotto (2007). “Czestochowa”. H.E.A.R.T. HolocaustResearchProject.org. Retrieved 10 May 2014. By June 1942 the ghetto’s population had increased to around 40-50,000.
Emil Kerenji (2014). Jewish Responses to Persecution: 1942–1943. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 46, 53, 76/77. ISBN1442236272. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
ARC (22 April 2006). “Strawczynski / Strawczynski, Oscar, Zygmunt, Guta and Abus”. Treblinka Roll of Remembrance. DeathCamps.org. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
Oscar Strawczynski (1943). “Ten Months in Treblinka! The Oscar Strawczynski Story”. H.E.A.R.T 2009. HolocaustResearchProject.org. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
E.A.R.T (2007). “Piotrkow Trybunalski: The First Ghetto in Occupied Poland”. HolocaustResearchProject.org. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
Yitzhak Arad (1999). Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps. Indiana University Press. p. 134. ISBN0-253-21305-3. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
“Kielbasin Transit Camp”. Cities and Towns Where Those in Kielbasin Came From. 2014 Geni.com. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
Arad, pp. 392-395. “Kelbasin: November 10 – December 15, 1942 (38,900 victims)”. Deportatitions to Treblinka From The Generalgouvernement and Bialystok General District. KehilaLinks.JewishGen.org – Information about the Deportation Statistics. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
“The German occupation – 4: temporary camp outside the city of Wolkowysk”. Liquidation of the Ghettos and the Deportations to the Camps (November 2, 1942—March 12, 1942). Lost Jewish Worlds. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
Yitzhak Arad (1999), p.356.
The People vs. Kurt Wiese and Heinz Errelis Accused of Murder. Verdict and Judgment. Cologne District Court, Federal Republic of Germany, June 27, 1968. See: “Operation 10,000” in chapter “Deportation of Jews from Grodno.”
Excerpts from the Bielefelf Trial. Final Verdict. Cologne District Court, Federal Republic of Germany, 1968. See: “Operation 5,000” in chapter “The Final Liquidation and Removal, February 1943.”